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Race To Space
Someone will win the prize...
               ... but at what cost?
Visit RaceToSpaceProject.com to find out more!

Born, Lawrence Hargrave, Australian inventor (box kite)
ref: www.sps-aviation.com

Died, William Cranch Bond, US astronomer, codiscovered Hyperion, first director of Harvard College Observatory
ref: en.wikipedia.org

J. Perrotin discovered asteroid #180 Garumna.

Born, Philibert J. Melotte, astronomer (discovered Jupiter's eighth satellite, Pasiphae)
ref: en.wikipedia.org

Karl Benz patented the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
ref: en.wikipedia.org

A. Charlois discovered asteroids #382 Dodona and #383 Janina.

Born, Allen B. DuMont, inventor (perfected the commercially practical cathode ray tube)
ref: en.wikipedia.org

US inventor Lee de Forest applied for a patent on the grid configuration of his "Audion" tube, a 3-element amplification valve which proved to be a pioneering development in radio and broadcasting. US Patent 879,532 was granted 18 February 1908.
ref: en.wikipedia.org

Born, E. Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first British pilot to fly Concorde (April 1969) (deceased)
ref: en.wikipedia.org

K. Reinmuth discovered asteroid #1014 Semphyra.

K Reinmuth discovered asteroid #3425 Hurukawa.

Clyde Tombaugh finished the 6-night observing run that led to the discovery of Pluto.
ref: lowell.edu

K Reinmuth discovered asteroids #1216 Askania, #1218 Aster, #1968 Mehltretter, #2485 and #2942.

K. Reinmuth discovered asteroid #1259 Ogyalla and #1260 Walhalla.

E. Delporte discovered asteroids #1672 Gezelle and #1711 Sandrine.

C. Jackson discovered asteroid #1816 Liberia.

Born, Arnaldo "Guasso" Tamayo-Mendez (at Guantanamo, Cuba), Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 38; nearly 7d 20.75h in spaceflight)
Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, photo by Wikipedia user Escla (28 July 2018)Source: Wikipedia 360px-Arnaldo_Tamayo_Berlin_2018_-_2.jpg
Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, photo by Wikipedia user Escla (28 July 2018)
Source: Wikipedia
ref: www.spacefacts.de

1964 16:19:00 GMT
NASA launched the SA-5 Saturn I rocket into orbit as a launch vehicle development test.
Saturn SA-5 moments after engine ignition for liftoff, NASA photo Source: NSSDCA Master Catalog apollo_sa5_launch.jpg
Saturn SA-5 moments after engine ignition for liftoff, NASA photo
Source: NSSDCA Master Catalog

The SA-5 Saturn I flight was used for a launch vehicle development test. The launch on 29 January 1964 was the fifth flight of a Saturn rocket and the first of the Block II Saturn. It was also the first live flight of the LOX/LH2 fueled second stage (S-IV). More than 11,000 measurements were taken.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #2196 Ellicott.

The Sijthoff planetarium in the Hague, which used a Zeiss projector "to explain the operation of the solar system and the universe," was severely damaged by fire, prior to its demolition in 1984.
ref: translate.google.com

The Height 611 UFO Incident occurred, an alleged UFO crash in Dalnegorsk, Primorsky Krai, Soviet Union.
ref: en-academic.com

USSR Phobos 2 spacecraft went into orbit around Mars.

Phobos 2, launched 12 July 1988, operated nominally throughout its cruise and Mars orbital insertion phases, gathering data on the Sun, interplanetary medium, Mars, and Phobos. Phobos 2 entered Mars orbit 29 January 1989. Shortly before the final phase of the mission, during which the spacecraft was to approach within 50 meters of the surface of Phobos and release two landers, one a mobile `hopper', the other a stationary platform, contact with Phobos 2 was lost. The mission ended when the spacecraft signal failed to be successfully reacquired on 27 March 1989. The cause of the failure was determined to be a malfunction of the onboard computer.

Phobos 2, and its companion spacecraft Phobos 1, were next generation Venera type planetary missions, succeeding those last used during the Vega 1 and 2 missions to comet P/Halley. The Phobos mission objectives were to: (1) conduct studies of the interplanetary environment; (2) perform observations of the Sun; (3) characterize the plasma environment in the Martian vicinity; (4) conduct surface and atmospheric studies of Mars; and, (5) study the surface composition of the Martian satellite Phobos. The main section of the spacecraft consisted of a pressurized toroidal electronics section surrounding a modular cylindrical experiment section. Below these were mounted four spherical tanks containing hydrazine for attitude control and, once the main propulsion module had been jettisoned, orbit adjustment. A total of 28 thrusters (twenty-four 50 N thrusters and four 10 N thrusters) were mounted on the spherical tanks with additional thrusters mounted on the spacecraft body and solar panels. Attitude was maintained through the use of a three-axis control system with pointing maintained with sun and star sensors.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1998 16:33:42 GMT
USSR launched Soyuz-TM 27 to the Mir space station with cosmonauts Talgat Musabayev, Nikolai Budarin and Leopold Eyharts aboard.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1998 16:57:00 GMT
NASA's STS 89 (Endeavor 12, 89th Shuttle mission) undocked from the Russian Mir space station during the eighth Shuttle-Mir docking mission.

STS 89 was launched 22 January 1998 after being delayed per requests from the Russian space program to allow completion of activities on Mir. During the flight, astronaut David Wolf joined the shuttle crew from where he had been staying on Mir. His place aboard the space station was taken by Andy Thomas, the last US astronaut assigned to complete a lengthy stay on Mir.

Docking of Endeavour to Mir occurred at 3:14 p.m. EST 24 January (20:14 UT), at an altitude of 214 nautical miles. Hatches opened at 5:25 p.m. EST (22:25 UT) the same day. Transfer of Andy Thomas to Mir and return of David Wolf to the US orbiter occurred at 6:35 p.m. EST 25 January (23:35 UT). Initially, Thomas thought his Sokol pressure suit did not fit, and the crew exchange was allowed to proceed only after Wolf's suit was adjusted to fit Thomas. Once on Mir, Thomas was able to make adequate adjustments to his own suit (which would be worn should the crew need to return to Earth in the Soyuz capsule) and this remained on Mir with him. Wolf spent a total of 119 days aboard Mir, and after landing his total on-orbit time was 128 days.

Hatches between the two spacecraft closed at 5:34 p.m. EST 28 January (22:34 UT), and two spacecraft undocked at 11:57 a.m. EST 29 January (16:57 UT). More than 8,000 pounds (3,629 kilograms) of scientific equipment, logistical hardware and water were taken from Endeavour to Mir.

The STS 89 mission ended on 31 January 1998 when Endeavour landed on orbit 139 on Runway 15, Kennedy Space Center, Florida on the first opportunity at KSC. Rollout distance: 9,790 feet (2,984 meters). Rollout time: One minute, 10 seconds. Mission duration: eight days, 19 hours, 46 minutes, 54 seconds, logged 3.6 million statute miles.

The flight crew for STS 89 was: Terrence W. Wilcutt, Commander; Joe F. Edwards, Jr., Pilot; Bonnie J. Dunbar, Payload Commander; Michael P. Anderson, Mission Specialist; James F. Reilly, II, Mission Specialist; Salizhan Shakirovich Sharipov, Mission Specialist; Andrew S. W. Thomas, Mission Specialist (returned on STS 91); David A. Wolf returned from Mir (launched on STS 86).
ref: www.nasa.gov

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